Thursday, October 13, 2011

The Eruption of Mount Pinatubo

Mount Pinatubo Eruption
On June 15, 1991 Mount Pinatubo, just 33 km (120 miles) from Subic Bay, erupted with a force eight times greater than the Mount St Helen's eruption of 18 May 1980. Volcanic ash rose high into the atmosphere, affecting the world's weather for several years and, more locally, smothering everything to a depth of 30 cm (1 ft). Further earthquakes and a typhoon passing over Northern Luzon turned the event into a 36 hr nightmare, with many deaths. All non-essential base personnel and dependants were evacuated, but most had returned by the end of September, by which time the base had been largely cleared up and got back into operation. 

However, that month, the Military Bases Agreement of 1967 expired and the Philippine Senate voted to reject any further agreements. The Americans were given 3 years to leave. The US forces' withdrawal finally happened in November 1992.

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